Galina Andreevna Balashova
Балашова) was born in 1931 in
the Russian city of Kolomna. She graduated from the Moscow Architectural Institute
and began her career as an architect in 1955 in Kuibyshev (modern day Samara) at
the design Intitute GiproAviaProm. In 1957 Balashova accepted the position
of Senior Architect at OKB-1, the Soviet experimental design bureau which was
responsible for much of the early Soviet space program, where she did fairly
traditional architectural work. Early in the design of the Soyuz spacecraft,
Chief Designer Sergei Korolev objected to the utilitarian interior of the habitation
module, and a colleague suggested employing the talents of their architect, Balashova.
Korolev liked her design, and thus began her long career of designing the interiors of
Soviet and Russian manned spacecraft.
developed two passions early in life -- art and flying. He studied animation at
the New York Cartoonists and Illustrators School (now the School of Visual Arts),
which led to his founding a business back home in Houston, Animated Pictures. Bill
worked on some of the earliest animations for NASA's manned space program, providing
material for films on Project Mercury. Animated Pictures ultimately merged with MSC's
prime film subcontractor, AV Corporation, and he became head of the animation
department, and continued to produce films for Gemini, Apollo, and the Space Shuttle
Program. In the early 1970's he left AV corporation to open a custom framing business.
Bradley's Art and Frame is in its 42nd year now and still thriving. He holds a
commercial pilot certificate with instrument rating.
was born in Covington, KY in 1933, and studied at the University of Cincinnati where he
earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Design in 1957. He and his wife Janet
moved to Florida shortly afterward, where he worked for RCA Service Company, which
operated the Missile Test Project from Patrick AFB. While his job revolved around technical
art, he once remarked that he may have been a frustrated cartoonist at heart. Craft died in 2015.
Jerry Lee Elmore
Jerry Elmore was born in West Virginia in 1938. After relocating to the Houston area, he studied art at
the Texas Academy of Art in the late 1950s. Through various contractors, he worked at NASA MSC for 25
years as a graphic artist. He did the final artwork for the Apollo 15,
ASTP, STS-8 and STS-51C patches. Among his many awards and recognitions, he received the
coveted "Silver Snoopy" award in 1969. Those of us of a certain age will instantly recognize the landing
site artwork he did for the last three Apollo missions. Elmore died in 2015.
Frank Kelly Freas
Kelly Freas was arguably the premier artist of science fiction
and fantasy. Born in Hornell, New York in 1922, he spent much of his childhood in Canada.
Folowing a stint in the Army during World War II, he attended the Art Institute of Pittsburgh,
graduating in 1951. His career, spanning fifty-plus years, earned
him ten Hugo awards, the highest recognition in the field.
His art graced the covers of innumerable science fiction and
fantasy magazines, twice winning readers' poll awards for
best cover of the year for Analog Magazine. In 2000
Freas was elected a Fellow of the International Association
of Astronomical Artists. He died in 2005.
Robert T. McCall
McCall is widely regarded as the preeminent artist of space.
Science writer Isaac Asimov called him "the nearest thing
to an artist-in-residence from outer space." McCall's
giant mural in the National Air & Space Museum has become
a cultural icon. If there was any doubt of his influence,
his immortaility was ensured when Stanley Kubrick commissioned
McCall to produce a set of promotional paintings for the movie
2001: A Space Odyssey. In addition to the Apollo
17, and Mission Control patches, McCall has designed
a number of Shuttle mission patches, including STS-1, STS-3,
STS-5, STS-41B, and STS-71. McCall died in 2010.
began work at North American Aviation in 1949, creating technical art for
flight handbooks which provided detailed information and procedures for
test pilots who flew NAA aircraft, including the X-15 and XB-70. In 1967
Pinataro transferred to the Space Division in Downey, where she created
artwork for the Apollo and Space Shuttle programs. In more recent years,
Pinataro's art has been influenced by her social conscience, which resulted
in works such as her commentary on the Charles Keating S&L scandal.
Pucci, Marchese of Barsento, was born in 1914 into an illustrious
Florentine family. He was educated for a diplomatic career,
and earned a Ph.D. in social science. A brilliant athelete,
he was a member of the 1934 Italian Olympic ski team. He served
as a career pilot in the Italian
Air Force for 14 years, earning multiple decorations. While skiing in the winter of
1947, he met a fashion photographer who, when she learned
that he had designed his own ski outfit, asked him to design
some women's skiwear. Thus began a long career as a fashion
designer. In the 1970's Pucci was elected to the Italian Parliament.
Later he began labeling and selling the wine produced on his
estate in Chianti, owned by the Pucci family since the 13th
century. He died in 1992.
born in Colorado Springs in 1915, and grew up in California. He studied at Art Center (now Art Center
College of Design) in Los Angeles. While serving in the Navy during World War II, Stevens was aboard
the escort carrier USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) when she captured the German submarine U-505. Stevens worked
first at Lockheed, and then at North American Aviation (later North American Rockwell) as a graphic artist.
A modest man, he told a reporter who was writing a story about his patch work, "Don't flower it up
too much. It's part of my job, that's all." Yet Steven's patch designs were adopted by 4 crews, more
than any other artist of that period. He retired in 1978, and died in 1994 in Orange, California.
Anthony M. Tharenos
Born in 1940 to
first-generation Greek parents, Anthony Tharenos began his career at McDonnell Aircraft in 1962, coordinating
the artwork for the Gemini spacecraft specifications and configurations documents. Additional duties at
McDonnell extended to more creative work as well. Observing that other artists in the McDonnell organization
had designed patches for Gemini missions, he requested an opportunity to design one, and was assigned the
Gemini 12 mission. Once the Gemini program ended, Tharenos held a number of art-related jobs in the St. Louis
area until 1984, when he founded his own company, Tharenos Graphics. Tharenos taught in the Graphic
Communications department of St. Louis Community College for 24 years. He is married to his high school
sweetheart, and has two daughters -- both of whom are MDs.
worked on every US manned space program from Gemini to the ISS, and in nearly every medium including
air-brush, oil, acrylic, watercolor, charcoal and pen & ink. Born in 1944, he spent most of his life
in the Houston area. His wonderfully varied career began at Port Houston Shipyard where he was trained
as a draftsman. His association with the space program began with a job at Lockheed, where he worked
on the Gemini Program. A stint at Cape Canaveral with the Bendix Launch Support Division led him to
grow into graphic illustration. Returning to Houston, was engaged by a series of contractors for NASA's
Technical Publications Department. His technical graphics work eventually led to engineering mockup and
model work for Space Industries; and this in turn took him to Boeing, where he became a manufacturing
engineer, building and testing Space Station hardware. In his retirement, he has engaged in painting
murals for both commercial and residential clients.
Walter Alois Weber
in Chicago in 1906, Walter Weber grew up as one of eleven
children of poor immigrant parents. His artistic talents flowered
early, and he began taking classes at the Chicago Art Institute
at the age of nine. His earliest job, with the Natural History
department of the Field Museum, gave him the opportunity to
embark on extensive research travel. In 1936 Weber became
the chief scientific illustrator for the National Park Service.
In 1949 he was appointed staff artist and naturalist for the
National Geographic Society, a position which allowed him
to travel much of the world. In addition to illustrating many
articles and books, Weber was the first artist to design two
federal duck stamps. He retired in 1971, and died in 1979.
Lumen Martin Winter
in 1908, Lumen Winter spent his childhood in western Kansas.
After attending the Cleveland School of Art and New York's
National Academy of Design, Winter participated in the Federal Arts
Project set up by the Works Progress Administration, painting
murals in public schools and post offices. During World War II
he served a stint as an Air Force artist. Following this, he settled in
Santa Fe. Over the next 40 years, Winter became one
of the country's most reknowned muralists. His style, according
to The Paris Moderne, "is not abstract nor is
it realistic, but he has created synthesis which is all his
own." Winter died in 1982. In recent years there has been a resurgance of interest in Winter's art.
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